MSA CULTURAL TOURS
ORIGINS OF MODERN PORTUGAL
OCTOBER 12 - 22, 2019
DAY 1 DEPART BOSTON FOR LISBON
DAY 2 ARRIVE LISBON AIRPORT AND MOTOR COACH TO EVORA,
THEN OVERNIGHT AT HOTEL DOM FERNAMDO
HOTEL DOM FERNAMDO
DAY 3 WALKING TOUR of EVORA
Évora has been a walled town ever
since Roman times. Many Moorish influences (Moors occupied the city
for over 400 years) can be seen throughout the city.
Among the most interesting sites of Évora are :
The 12th Century Cathedral,
2nd Century Roman Temple,
16th century University, old Moorish Quarter, and the
16th Century San Francisco
with its Chapel of Bones,
and the Moorish Fountain
CATHEDRAL NAVE AND ALTAR
2nd CENTURY A.D. ROMAN TEMPLE OF DIANA
DAY 4 COACH TO COIMBRA WITH
STOPS AT TOMAR AND FATIMA
KNIGHTS TEMPLAR CASTLE OF TOMAR
BASILICA OF OUR LADY OF THE ROSARY
OVERNIGHT COIMBRA TIVOLI HOTEL
Situated on the banks of the Mondego River, Coimbra is Portugal's 3rd largest city and first capital. The medieval University which has long dominated the intellectual life of Portugal, overlooks the city. There are many impressive university buildings, the most impressive is the Biblioteca Joanina built during the reign of João V in 1724. We will also visit the Old Romanesque Cathedral, built in 1140.
DAY 5 WALKING / COACH TOUR OF
COIMBRA AND CONIMBRIGA
JOANINA LIBRARY, BUILT 1724
KING DINIS, FOUNDER OF THE UNIVERSITY, 1290
12th CENTURY COIMBRA CATHEDRAL
CONIMBRIGA IS ONE OF THE MOST IMPORTANT
ROMAN SITES ON THE IBERIAN PENINSULA
Site occupied in the Iron Age by Celts, but what we
see today are ruins of a first century Roman city.
DAY 6 - EXCURSION TO GUIMARAES -
OVERNIGHT IN COIMBRA
Depart Coimbra for all day excursion to Guimarães, birthplace of Portugal. Alfonso Henriques born in 1110 in Guimarães Castle, declared himself King of Portugal in 1139. In 1095 Alfonso VI, of Castile-Leon, gave the County of Portocale to his daughter Teresa, and her husband Henry of Burgundy who enlarged the castle into a major fortification. There is a small Romanesque Church in front of the castle where Alfonso Henriques was baptized. Also of interest is the 16th century Ducal Palace, reconstructed in the 1930's by
Salazar and became one of his favorite residences.
GUIMARAES CASTLE BIRTHPLACE OF
KING ENRIQUE ALFONSO I
CHAPEL WHERE KING
ALFONSO WAS BAPTISED
PORTUGAL'S SECOND CITY, LOCATED ON THE BANKS OF THE DOURO, IT LENDS ITS NAME (PORTUCALE) TO BOTH THE NATION OF PORTUGAL AND THE PORT WINE FOR WHICH IT IS FAMOUS
PORTO CITY HALL
PORTO ON DUERO RIVER
DOM LUIS BRIDGE
OVER THE DUERO
DUERO VALLEY AND PORT VINEYARDS
DAY 7 - DEPART COIMBRA FOR BATALHA – ALCOBACA – OBIDOS – OVERNIGHT LISBON
Batalha was built to celebrate Portugal’s unexpected and spectacular victory over Spain at the 1385 Battle of Aljubarrota. King Joao I vowed to build a magnificent church if he was victorious. In front of the church is a magnificent equestrian statue of Nuno Alvares Pereira, the twenty-five-year-old commander who led Portugal to this stunning victory.
CHURCH OF BATALHA – EQUESTRIAN
STATUE OF NUNO ALVARES PEREIRA
Church of Batalha
The incredible Cistercian Church and Abbey of Santa Maria de Alcobaça was completed in 1253. The church holds the tombs of the star crossed lovers, King Dom Pedro I and Inês de Castro.
Cistercian monastery of Alcobaça
Portugal's first king, Alfonso Henriques vowed to found a monastery if he defeated the Moors. He fulfilled his vow constructing the great church of Alcobaca completed in 1253. It stands as Portugal's largest church, King Dinis added the main cloister in the 14th Century. The interior is in the typical austere Cistercian style, but there are several beautiful sculptures, including the 14th century tombs of King Pedro I and Inês De Castro.
Cistercian Nave Alcobaça
Church & Abbey of Santa Maria de Alcobaça,
the largest church in Portugal
Tomb of Inês De Castro
MEDIEVAL TOWN OF OBIDOS
The enchanting town of Obidos is filled with whitewashed houses and surrounded by 14th century walls. Once a coastal town, Obidos now rests 6 miles from the sea. In 1248, King Dinis visited Obidos with his young bride Isabel and gave her Obidos as a wedding present. Future Portuguese monarchs continued that tradition until the end of the monarchy in 1833.
Obidos City Walls
Blue Tiled Entrance Gate Obidos
OVERNIGHT LISBON FENIX HOTEL
DAY 8 EXCURSION TO BELÉM, VISIT MOSTEIRO
DOS JERONIMOS, TOWER OF BELÉM AND MONUMENT TO DISCOVERIES.
Mosteiro Dos Jerónimos, commissioned by Manuel I in 1501, is a jewel of the Manueline style and took a century to build. Financing for the project came from the enormous profits Portugal gained from the Indian spice trade.
Belém Cloister Mosteiro St. Jerónimos
Tomb Vasco de Gama St. Jerónimos
Vasco de Gama, Camões, and Manuel I are buried in this church. It was one of the few structures to survive the great earthquake of 1755.
Cloister Mosteiro St. Jerónimos
Tower of Belém 1515 -1520
The Torre of Belém was built between 1515-1520 as a fortress to safeguard the approach to Lisbon Harbor. Before the Great 1755 Earthquake shifted the course of the river, it stood in the middle of the river. Like the Mosteiro Dos Jerónimos, it is one of the masterpieces of the Manueline architecture.
The Monument to the Discoveries was erected in 1960 during the reign of Salazar commemorating the 500th anniversary of the death of Prince Henry the Navigator.
DAY 9 SINTRA
Palacio da Pena
Sintra's stunning setting made it a favorite retreat for Portuguese kings. Major attractions of the town, in addition to its natural beauty, are two amazing castles. The Palacio National de Sintra, built in the 14th century by Joao I, and the Disneyesque Palacio da Pena, built in the 19th century by Maria II for her German husband.
Palacio National de Sintra
DAY 10 - LISBON with OVERNIGHT LISBON
Free day to visit Cathedral, Alfama, Bairro Alto, Gulbenkian Museum, Azulejos (Tile) Museum, walk through the Baixa (the lower town) and
Rossio, Praça do Comércio, and do last-minute shopping.
Lisbon Cathedral Cloister
Lisbon Cathedral 1150
The Romanesque Cathedral construction began in 1150 after Afonso recovered Lisbon from the Moors. Greatly damaged in the 1755 earthquake, the church has been restored.
The Alfama, the Castelo de Sāo Jorge, rests on the summit of the Alfama. The name Alfama comes from Arabic. The Alfama was the Moorish Kasbah of Lisbon and the summit offers a spectacular view of Lisbon. The origin of the castle dates to the 5th century with alterations by the Moors. The recent structure is the result of renovations by Salazar.
View from Alfama
Castelo de Sāo Jorge
Convent of Carmo built by Nuno Alvares Pereira
Destroyed in 1755 Earthquake
Bairro Alto and Chiado, the Bairro Alto or upper neighborhood was the result of 16th Century urban expansion outside the medieval walls of historic Lisbon. Bordering the Bairo Alto is the Chiado, renown for attracting the cultural elite, its theaters, and excellent shopping. Among its many sites are the Convent of Carmo, Camões Square, and the popular Café Brasileira, a favorite hangout of the famous poet, Fernando Pessoa.
Arch of Triumph
Praça do Comércio
Calouste Gulbenkian Museum
DAY 11 - RETURN TO BOSTON