MSA CULTURAL TOURS

ORIGINS OF MODERN PORTUGAL 


OCTOBER 12 - 22, 2019

DAY 1 DEPART BOSTON FOR LISBON

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DAY 2 ARRIVE LISBON AIRPORT AND MOTOR  COACH TO EVORA,
THEN OVERNIGHT AT HOTEL DOM FERNAMDO

HOTEL DOM FERNAMDO

DAY 3 WALKING TOUR of EVORA

Évora has been a walled town ever
since Roman times. Many Moorish influences (Moors occupied the city
for over 400 years) can be seen throughout the city.

Among the most interesting sites of Évora are : 

The 12th Century Cathedral, 

2nd Century Roman Temple, 

16th century University, old Moorish Quarter, and the 

16th Century San Francisco 

with its Chapel of Bones,

and the Moorish Fountain

CATHEDRAL NAVE AND ALTAR


2nd CENTURY A.D. ROMAN TEMPLE OF DIANA

DAY 4 COACH TO COIMBRA WITH

STOPS AT TOMAR AND FATIMA

TOMAR

KNIGHTS TEMPLAR CASTLE OF TOMAR

TEMPLARS’  CONVENT

FATIMA

BASILICA OF OUR LADY OF THE ROSARY

COIMBRA

OVERNIGHT COIMBRA TIVOLI HOTEL

TIVOLI LOBBY

Situated on the banks of the Mondego River, Coimbra is Portugal's 3rd largest city and first capital. The medieval University which has long dominated the intellectual life of Portugal, overlooks the city. There are many impressive university buildings, the most impressive is the Biblioteca Joanina built during the reign of João V in 1724. We will also visit the Old Romanesque Cathedral, built in 1140.

DAY 5 WALKING / COACH TOUR OF

COIMBRA AND CONIMBRIGA

JOANINA LIBRARY, BUILT 1724 

KING DINIS, FOUNDER OF THE UNIVERSITY,  1290

12th CENTURY COIMBRA CATHEDRAL

CONIMBRIGA IS ONE OF THE MOST IMPORTANT

ROMAN SITES ON THE IBERIAN PENINSULA

Site occupied in the Iron Age by Celts, but what we 

see today are ruins of a first century Roman city.

Roman Mosaics 

Conímbriga

DAY 6 - EXCURSION TO GUIMARAES -

OVERNIGHT IN COIMBRA

Depart Coimbra for all day excursion to Guimarães, birthplace of Portugal. Alfonso Henriques born in 1110 in Guimarães Castle, declared himself King of Portugal in 1139. In 1095 Alfonso VI, of Castile-Leon, gave the County of Portocale to his daughter Teresa, and her husband Henry of Burgundy who enlarged the castle into a major fortification. There is a small Romanesque Church in front of the castle where Alfonso Henriques was baptized. Also of interest is the 16th century Ducal Palace, reconstructed in the 1930's by

Salazar and became one of his favorite residences.

GUIMARAES CASTLE BIRTHPLACE OF 

KING ENRIQUE ALFONSO I

CHAPEL WHERE KING

ALFONSO WAS BAPTISED

DUCAL PALACE

PORTO

PORTUGAL'S SECOND CITY, LOCATED ON THE BANKS OF THE DOURO, IT LENDS ITS NAME (PORTUCALE) TO BOTH THE NATION OF PORTUGAL AND THE PORT WINE FOR WHICH IT IS FAMOUS

PORTO CITY HALL

PORTO ON DUERO RIVER

DUERO RIVER

DOM LUIS BRIDGE 

OVER THE DUERO

DUERO VALLEY AND PORT VINEYARDS

PORT WINE

DAY 7 - DEPART COIMBRA FOR BATALHA – ALCOBACA – OBIDOS – OVERNIGHT LISBON

BATALHA

Batalha was built to celebrate Portugal’s unexpected and spectacular victory over Spain at the 1385 Battle of Aljubarrota. King Joao I vowed to build a magnificent church if he was victorious. In front of the church is a magnificent equestrian statue of Nuno Alvares Pereira, the twenty-five-year-old commander who led Portugal to this stunning victory.

CHURCH OF BATALHA – EQUESTRIAN

STATUE OF NUNO ALVARES PEREIRA

Cloister Batalha

Church of Batalha

ALCOBAÇA

The incredible Cistercian Church and Abbey of Santa Maria de Alcobaça was completed in 1253. The church holds the tombs of the star crossed lovers, King Dom Pedro I and Inês de Castro.

Cistercian monastery of Alcobaça

Portugal's first king, Alfonso Henriques vowed to found a monastery if he defeated the Moors. He fulfilled his vow constructing the great church of Alcobaca completed in 1253. It stands as Portugal's largest church, King Dinis added the main cloister in the 14th Century. The interior is in the typical austere Cistercian style, but there are several beautiful sculptures, including the 14th century tombs of King Pedro I and Inês De Castro.

Cistercian Nave Alcobaça

Church & Abbey of Santa Maria de Alcobaça, 

the largest church in Portugal

Tomb of Inês De Castro

MEDIEVAL TOWN OF OBIDOS

The enchanting town of Obidos is filled with whitewashed houses and surrounded by 14th century walls. Once a coastal town, Obidos now rests 6 miles from the sea. In 1248, King Dinis visited Obidos with his young bride Isabel and gave her Obidos as a wedding present. Future Portuguese monarchs continued that tradition until the end of the monarchy in 1833.

Obidos City Walls

Blue Tiled Entrance Gate Obidos

OVERNIGHT LISBON FENIX HOTEL

DAY 8 EXCURSION TO BELÉM, VISIT MOSTEIRO

DOS JERONIMOS, TOWER OF BELÉM AND MONUMENT TO DISCOVERIES.

BELÉM

Mosteiro Dos Jerónimos, commissioned by Manuel I in 1501, is a jewel of the Manueline style and took a century to build. Financing for the project came from the enormous profits Portugal gained from the Indian spice trade. 

Belém Cloister Mosteiro St. Jerónimos

Tomb Vasco de Gama St. Jerónimos

Vasco de Gama, Camões, and Manuel I are buried in this church. It was one of the few structures to survive the great earthquake of 1755.

Cloister Mosteiro St. Jerónimos

Tower of Belém 1515 -1520

The Torre of Belém was built between 1515-1520 as a fortress to safeguard the approach to Lisbon Harbor. Before the Great 1755 Earthquake shifted the course of the river, it stood in the middle of the river. Like the Mosteiro Dos Jerónimos, it is one of the masterpieces of the Manueline architecture.

The Monument to the Discoveries was erected in 1960 during the reign of Salazar commemorating the 500th anniversary of the death of Prince Henry the Navigator.

DAY 9 SINTRA

Palacio da Pena

Sintra's stunning setting made it a favorite retreat for Portuguese kings. Major attractions of the town, in addition to its natural beauty, are two amazing castles. The Palacio National de Sintra, built in the 14th century by Joao I, and the Disneyesque Palacio da Pena, built in the 19th century by Maria II for her German husband.

Palacio National de Sintra

SINTRA

DAY 10 - LISBON with OVERNIGHT LISBON

Free day to visit Cathedral, Alfama, Bairro Alto, Gulbenkian Museum, Azulejos (Tile) Museum, walk through the Baixa (the lower town) and

Rossio, Praça do Comércio, and do last-minute shopping.

Lisbon Cathedral Cloister

Lisbon Cathedral 1150

The Romanesque Cathedral construction began in 1150 after Afonso recovered Lisbon from the Moors. Greatly damaged in the 1755 earthquake, the church has been restored.

The Alfama, the Castelo de Sāo Jorge, rests on the summit of the Alfama. The name Alfama comes from Arabic. The Alfama was the Moorish Kasbah of Lisbon and the summit offers a spectacular view of Lisbon. The origin of the castle dates to the 5th century with alterations by the Moors. The recent structure is the result of renovations by Salazar.

Alfama

View from Alfama

Castelo de Sāo Jorge

Convent of Carmo built by Nuno Alvares Pereira

Destroyed in 1755 Earthquake

Café Brasileira

Bairro Alto and Chiado, the Bairro Alto or upper neighborhood was the result of 16th Century urban expansion outside the medieval walls of historic Lisbon. Bordering the Bairo Alto is the Chiado, renown for attracting the cultural elite, its theaters, and excellent shopping. Among its many sites are the Convent of Carmo, Camões Square, and the popular Café Brasileira, a favorite hangout of the famous poet, Fernando Pessoa.

Camões Square

Rossio

Arch of Triumph

Praça do Comércio

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Calouste Gulbenkian Museum

DAY 11 - RETURN TO BOSTON